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But just how do you create a system that has a decentralized ledger How can you give someone the ability to update the ledger without giving them too much powerin case they become corrupt or negligent in their work
Well, Bitcoins rulesalso known as the Bitcoin protocolsolves that in a very creative way I like to call Who Wants to Be a Banker
In a nutshell, anyone who wants to participate in updating the ledger of all Bitcoin transactions, known as the blockchain, can do this. All you need is to suppose a random number that solves an equation generated by the computer system. Sounds simple, right
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Of course, this guessing is done by your PC. The more powerful your computer is, the more supposes you can make in a second, increasing your chances of winning this match. If you manage to guess right, you earn bitcoins and get to write the next page of Bitcoin transactions on the blockchain. .
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1. Once your mining computer comes up with the right guess, your mining system determines which of these current pending transactions will be grouped together into the next block of transactions. Compiling this block represents the moment of glory, as youve now become a temporary banker of Bitcoin who has to update the Bitcoin transaction ledger known as the blockchain. .
2. The block youve generated, along with the solution, is sent to the whole network so other computers can validate it. Its a bit much like some Rubiks cube: The solution is quite hard to attain but very easy to validate.
3. Each computer that validates your solution upgrades its copy of this Bitcoin transaction ledger with the transactions that you opted to include in the block.
4. The machine generates a fixed amount of bitcoins (currently 12.5) and rewards them as compensation for time and energy you spent solving the math issue.
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5. Additionally, you get paid any transaction fees that were attached to the transactions you inserted into the next block.
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6. All the transactions in the cube youve only entered are now confirmed from the Bitcoin network and therefore are virtually irreversible.
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So thats Bitcoin mining in a nutshell. Its called mining because of the simple fact that this process helps mine new Bitcoins from the computer system. But if you think about it, the mining component is merely a by-product of this transaction confirmation procedure. Therefore the name is somewhat misleading, since the main goal of mining would be to maintain the ledger in a decentralized manner. .
As you can imagine, since mining is based on a type of guessing, for every block, a different miner will guess the number and be granted the right to update the blockchain. Of course, the miners with more computing power will succeed more often, but on account of the regulation of statistical probability, its highly unlikely that the same miner will succeed every time. .
Now you know what Bitcoin mining is, you may be thinking, Cool! Free money! Where do I sign up Well, not so fast
Satoshi Nakamoto, who invented Bitcoin, crafted the principles for mining in a manner that the further mining power the network gets, the harder it is to imagine the answer to the mining math issue. Therefore the difficulty of the mining process is really self-adjusting into the gathered mining power the network owns. .
If more miners join, it will get harder to address the issue; when many of them drop off, it is going to get easier. This can be known as mining issue.
Well, he wanted to make a steady flow of new bitcoins into the system. In a sense, this has been done to keep inflation in check. Mining difficulty is set so that, on average, a new block will be inserted every ten minutes (i.e., the number is going to be figured each ten minutes on average). .
Now, rememberthis is on average. We can have two blocks being inserted minute after minute and then wait an hour for the next block. In the long run, this will even out to ten minutes on average.
As you can imagine, this type of self-adjusting mechanism has made a sort of arms race to get the most efficient and powerful miners as soon as possible.
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When Bitcoin first started out, there werent a great deal of miners on the market. In fact, Satoshi, the inventor of Bitcoin, and his friend Hal Finney were a few the only individuals mining Bitcoin back at the time with their own personal computers.
Using your CPU (central processing unityour computers brain and an integrated component in any computer) was enough try this web-site for mining Bitcoin back in 2009, since mining issue was low. As Bitcoin began to catch on, folks looked for more powerful mining solutions.