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However, how can you create a system that has a decentralized ledger How do you give someone the ability to update the ledger without giving them too much powerin case they become corrupt or negligent in their job
Well, Bitcoins rulesalso known as the Bitcoin protocolsolves this in a very creative manner I like to phone Who Wants to Be a Banker
In short, anyone who wants to take part in updating the ledger of all Bitcoin transactions, known as the blockchain, can do this. Whatever you need is to suppose a random number that solves an equation generated by the system. Sounds easy, right
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Of course, this guessing is all done by your computer. The more powerful your computer is, the more guesses you can create in one second, increasing your chances of winning this game. If you manage to figure correctly, you earn bitcoins and get to write the next page of Bitcoin transactions on the blockchain. .
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1. Once your mining pc comes up with the right guess, your mining program determines which of these current pending transactions will be grouped together into the next block of transactions. Compiling this cube represents your moment of glory, as youve now become a temporary banker of Bitcoin who has to update the Bitcoin transaction ledger known as the blockchain. .
2. The block youve generated, along with your solution, is sent to the whole network so other computers can affirm it. Its somewhat much like some Rubiks cube: The solution is very hard to attain but very easy to validate.
3. Every computer which validates your solution updates its copy of this Bitcoin transaction ledger together with the transactions that you chose to include in the cube.
4. The machine generates a fixed amount of bitcoins (currently 12.5) and benefits them to you as compensation for the time and energy you spent solving the math problem.
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5. Additionally, you get paid any transaction fees which were attached to the transactions you inserted into the next block.
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6. Each of the transactions in the cube youve only entered are now confirmed from the Bitcoin network and are virtually irreversible.
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So thats Bitcoin mining in a nutshell. Its called look at this site mining because of the fact that this process helps mine new Bitcoins from the system. But if you think about it, the mining part is just a by-product of this transaction confirmation procedure. So that the name is somewhat misleading, since the main goal of mining would be to maintain the ledger in a decentralized manner. .
As you can imagine, since mining is based on a form of guessing, for each block, a different miner will suppose the number and also be granted the right to update the blockchain. Of course, the miners with more computing power will succeed more often, but due to the regulation of statistical probability, its highly unlikely that the exact same miner will succeed each time. .
Now that you know what Bitcoin mining is, you might be thinking, Cool! Free money! Where do I sign up Well, not so fast
Satoshi Nakamoto, who invented Bitcoin, crafted the rules for mining in a manner that the further mining power the network gets, the harder it is to imagine the answer to the mining mathematics issue. So that the difficulty of the mining method is actually self-adjusting to the accumulated mining power the network possesses. .
If more miners join, it will get more difficult to address the problem; if many of them drop off, it is going to get easier. This is known as mining difficulty.
Well, he wanted to create a steady flow of new bitcoins into the system. In a sense, this has been done to keep inflation in check. Mining difficulty is set so that, on average, a new block will be added each ten minutes (i.e., the number will probably be figured each ten minutes on average). .
Now, rememberthis is on average. We can have two blocks being inserted minute after minute and then wait an hour for the next block. In the long run, this will even out to ten minutes on average.
As you can imagine, this type of self-adjusting mechanism has made a type of arms race to get the most efficient and strong miners as soon as possible.
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When Bitcoin first started out, there werent a lot of miners out there. In reality, Satoshi, the inventor of Bitcoin, and his friend Hal Finney were a few the only people mining Bitcoin back at the time using their own personal computers.
Using your CPU (central processing unityour computers brain and an integrated component in any computer) was enough for mining Bitcoin back in 2009, since mining difficulty was low. Since Bitcoin began to catch on, folks looked for more powerful mining solutions.